In data

The origin of the independent Czechoslovak Republic on 28th October 1918 necessitated the building of a modern army to assure the sovereignty of the new country. In the context of that politically-difficult situation, it was also essential to build the defence industry for the needs of its own army. The production of explosives, which is part of the defence industry, is necessary for ensuring the needs of any modern army. The fact that the production of explosives was scattered into many smaller businesses around the newly-established state, and mainly owned by foreign parties, led after many complicated discussions started already in 1919 to the decision to build up a new factory for the production of explosives.

Brief history in dates

March 23, 1920 Foundation Meeting of the “Czechoslovak Joint-stock Company for Explosive Materials” in Semtín
May 6, 1920 Approval of preliminary conception plan of a new factory serving as the documentation for selection of suitable locality
December 23, 1920 Licence Charter issued granting authorization for monopoly production of explosive materials
December 1920 Purchase of land in Semtín at Pardubice
1921 Commencement of building of Departments L (production of black powder) and C (production of explosives)
1922 Production of black powder and industrial explosives started
1923 Building of Departments A (nitroglycerine), F (production of acids), E (nitrocellulose) and H (trinitrotoluene) completed
1924 Production started in department B (smokeless powders)
1928 Building started of affiliated plant Synthesia – production of inorganic compounds inevitable for production of explosives
1934 The company renamed Explosia a.s.
1946 Rise of SYNTHESIA n.p. (national enterprise) – by merging Explosia a.s. and Synthesia
1948 Rise of East Bohemian Chemical Works (VCHZ) n.p.
1954 Establishing of the “Research Institute of Industrial Chemistry” (VÚPCH)
1990 The use of name Explosia for the “Plant 05 – Special Production” of VCHZ n.p. renewed
1998 Explosia a.s. established, subsidiary company of Synthesia a.s.
1999 Rise of “Business Unit Explosia” by merging VÚPCH and Plant 05-Explosia
January 23rd, 2002 Government Decree No. 89/2002 on change of Business Unit Explosia ownership structure – assignment of state proprietary rights
May 30th, 2002 Property deposit of Business Unit Explosia into Explosia a.s.
June 1st, 2002 Commencement of production and commercial activity of Explosia a.s., as Aliachem a.s. subsidiary